February 15, 2022
Since the image of Yu Fu in Qu Yuan's Yu Fu and Zhuang Zi appeared in literary works, Yu Fu has become the embodiment of a hermit, a wise man who is lofty, isolated, and aloof from the world. In the Wei and Jin dynasties, yu Fu appeared many times in landscape poems. In the Tang and Song dynasties, Yu Fu was formed and fixed, and became the favorite object of poets and writers. At this stage, the image of the fishing father also began to appear in paintings. Zhang Zhihe, Jing Hao and Xu Daoning all painted pictures of the fishing father. It was in the Yuan Dynasty that the image of fish-father appeared in large numbers and became a general trend. The study of painting poems is also a key to understand the image of the fishing father in Wu Zhen's paintings. In wuzhen landscape paintings, most of the works are painted poems, and each poem is directed at the yufu. The yufu in Wuzhen is different from some literary works of the Yuan Dynasty and some painters in the expression of images. The fishing father in huang Gongwang and Wang Meng's paintings is sad and depressed, which is related to huang and Wang's life experience. Huang and Wang both entered the official office several times, but each time they were ostracized and went into seclusion. It was natural that the experience reflected on Yu Fu would be a little sad. And Wu Zhen has never been an official, may never have thought of an official, natural without the worry of official exclusion, seems to have a natural yearning for the fishing father. Although many of the poems of the fishermen in Wuzhen also reveal a little sad feelings, more of them show the fishermen's carefree and even optimistic feelings, and some of the poems also show some taste of life. "Orchid vivit stability, grass cloth light, bass fishing not only the name" dongting fishing hidden figure, "hill, chan, a song on fisherman's song mountain side" (near hongguzi "fishing father figure"), "yu tong drum vessels forget to seton hall, singing ripples photo wind" "yu father figure" (1342), wrote of fishermen not fame and wealth, woods, optimistic; "Small boat, to boundless, which ting Chau is not home", "wine bottle down, shore flower hanging, cast fishing rod and month sleep", (this sentence and the last sentence are taken from Lin Jinghao "fishing father figure") write the father of a relaxed, free; "Cloud shadow lianjiang Hu, and the fishers cuiwei. If the sand gulls have an appointment, accompany the fishing boat to return "(" Autumn River Fishing hidden Map"), write the idyllic life of the fishing father in seclusion, very interesting life. Under such a social background, many retired literati imitated yu Fu's lofty, reclusive and carefree life, and the image of Yu Fu became the carrier for literati and painters to place their emotions. This image is popular in poems, poems and songs. In the field of painting, it became a popular trend for creative work. Zhao Meng ð« this is the image of yu Fu; guan Daosheng, Huang Gongwang, Wang Meng, Wu Zhen and Sheng Zizhao all had it Among them, Wu Zhen has a special liking to fishing father. Among the landscape paintings handed down in Wuzhen, the works with the theme of Yufu occupy a considerable number, with banners, central scroll and long scroll on the layout, and copying and creation techniques. To understand the image of Wu Zhen's fishing father, one is from the sense of imagology, the other is from a large number of painting poems left by Wu Zhen. The yufu image in Wuzhen is the core of what Wuzhen wants to express, but Wuzhen does not make a detailed description of its hero, but describes the surrounding environment to the fullest. Wuzhen's schematic management is generally near the soil slope, low mountains in the distance, most of the middle is vast water. This kind of schema, wu Zhen is based on wet brush, there is a sense of misty rain, so that the mountains in the distance appear more distant, the water in the middle more open, it seems to lead the viewer into a desolate, lonely, transcendent world. Wu Zhen cleverly arranged the fishing father in a prominent position on the water, the image is vague, but the impression is deep. In combination with several images of fishermen in Wuzhen, we can still find from the blurred images of fishermen that the richness of their expressions and the diversity of their actions are beyond the reach of ordinary painters. "Photo cold wild goose figure" double goose, fishing father stayed up watching, "yu father figure" (1342) of fishermen in the stare at the water, such as fish bait, "dongting fishing hidden figure of fishermen speed, a pole back to the ship (fishing father figure in 1346) the lad dial the boat back to vivit, fishermen tuck, review the whole picture give a person a kind of unique and easy and he who sees through the world of mortals between heaven and earth" outside body, Dream dream "detachment.